Common French Verbs

Salut!, language enthusiast! Prepare yourself for a fascinating journey into the realm of French grammar! We’re going to look at how French words can function as naming or action words today. Let’s explore the fascinating world of Common French Verbs and nouns!

Let’s review the definitions of verbs and nouns to lay a strong basis before diving into the dual nature of these words and their worlds.

Verbs are active words that express actions, such as “to run,” “to eat,” or “to sleep.” Similarly, nouns are naming words like “apple,” “Paris,” or “joy” that stand in for people, places, objects, or ideas.

1. Manger (to eat)

·       Verb: Il aime manger des croissants. (He likes to eat croissants.)

·       Noun: Le manger français est délicieux. (French cuisine is delicious.)

In this case, “manger” shifts from a verb describing the act of eating to a noun referring to the concept of food or cuisine.

2. Jouer (to play)

·        Verb: Je joue au football. (I play football.)

·       Noun: Le joueur est talentueux. (The player is talented.)

Here, “jouer” effortlessly transforms from a verb indicating an action (playing) to a noun denoting a person engaged in the activity (player).

3. Vivre (to live)

·       Verb: Nous vivons à la campagne. (We live in the countryside.)

·       Noun: Le vivre ensemble est essentiel. (Living together is essential.)

Here, “vivre” transforms from a verb expressing existence or residence to a noun conveying the notion of coexistence or community living.

4. Chanter (to sing)

·       Verb: “ils aiment chanter pour toi” (They like to sing for you)

·       Noun: “Le chanter des oiseaux annonce le printemps.” (The singing of birds heralds spring.)

From describing human vocalization, “chanter” expands its meaning to encompass the melodious sounds of nature.

5. Aimer (to love)

·       Verb: “Elle aime danser.” (She loves to dance.)

·       Noun: “L’amour est la clé du bonheur.” (Love is the key to happiness.)

From expressing affection towards an activity or person, “aimer” transforms into a profound concept representing love and affection itself.

6. Être (to be)

·       Verb: “Elle est fatiguée.” (She is tired.)

·       Noun: “L’être humain est complexe.” (The human being is complex.)

Here, “être” shifts from describing a state of existence to representing the concept of a human being or entity.

7. Toucher (to touch)

·       Verb: “Je touche le mur.” (I touch the wall.)

·       Noun: “Le toucher de la soie est agréable.” (The touch of silk is pleasant.)

“Toucher” transitions from denoting physical contact to representing the sense of touch or tactile sensation.

Taking a break from learning common French verbs that are also nouns, here is a fact.

In French, verbs that end in -er are by far the most common, making up around 90% of all verbs in the language


8. Vouloir (to want)

·       Verb: “Je veux un café.” (I want a coffee.)

·       Noun: “Le vouloir des enfants est souvent impérieux.” (Children’s desires are often urgent.)

“Vouloir” transitions from expressing desire or will to representing the concept of desire itself.

9. Devenir (to become)

·       Verb: “elle devient artiste” (She becomes an artist)

·       Noun: “Le devenir de la société est incertain.” (The future of society is uncertain.)

From describing a transformation or change, “devenir” expands its meaning to represent the future or fate of something.

10. Rire (to laugh)

·       Verb: “Ils rient aux éclats.” (They laugh loudly.)

·       Noun: “Le rire est le meilleur remède.” (Laughter is the best medicine.)

From describing an action of joy or amusement, “rire” transforms into a noun representing the act or expression of laughter.

11. Savoir (to know)

·       Verb: “Elle sait nager.” (She knows how to swim.)

·       Noun: ” Savoir, c’est apprendre” (To know is to learn.)

Here, “savoir” transitions from denoting knowledge or understanding to representing the practical expertise or skill in a particular field.

12. Arriver (to arrive)

·       Verb: ” arriveras-tu à l’heure?” (Will you arrive on time?)

·       Noun: “L’arriver des nouveaux étudiants est prévu pour la semaine prochaine.” (The arrival of new students is scheduled for next week.)

“Arriver” shifts from expressing the act of arriving to representing the concept of an arrival or incoming event.

13. Partir (to leave)

·       Verb: “Elle part en vacances.” (She leaves for vacation.)

·       Noun: “Le partir soudain a surpris tout le monde.” (The sudden departure surprised everyone.)

From describing the act of leaving or departure, “partir” transforms into a noun representing the sudden or unexpected departure.

14. Venir (to come)

·       Verb: “Ils viennent me voir demain.” (They come to see me tomorrow.)

·       Noun: “Le venir des invités est prévu pour 7 heures.” (The coming of the guests is scheduled for 7 p.m.)

“Venir” transitions from denoting arrival or coming to representing the concept of an event or occurrence.

15. Aller (to go)

·       Verb: “Elle va à l’école.” (She goes to school.)

·       Noun: “L’aller-retour en voiture prend du temps.” (The round trip by car takes time.)

Here, “aller” shifts from describing movement or travel to representing the concept of a round trip or journey.

These examples further highlight the versatility and richness of the French language, where verbs seamlessly transition into nouns, expanding the language’s expressive capacity and enabling enhanced communication.

Implications and Applications

Understanding the dual functions of these terms not only improves our knowledge of French grammar but also broadens our understanding of the complexities of the language. These adaptable words enable speakers to convey themselves clearly and elegantly in writing, everyday speech, and academic speech.

Furthermore, language innovation is stimulated by acknowledging the flexibility of verbs and nouns. It encourages students to appreciate the ever-evolving nature of communication and investigate language in ways beyond grammatical structures.


In conclusion, the way that verbs and nouns interact in French reveals an interesting feature of the language’s structure. These words move fluidly across linguistic boundaries, encouraging expression and communication in anything from routine tasks to deep concepts.

Thus, while you proceed with your language learning, don’t forget to appreciate how flexible these common French verbs and nouns are. Let them serve as inspiration for your writings, discussions, and investigations into this wonderful language.

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Verbs in French with their noun forms

Au revoir et bientôt! (Goodbye and see you soon)